Biography John Dryden British author

Biography John Dryden British author

Biography John Dryden British author

Youth and Education

The son of a nobleman, Durden grew up in the country. Civil war broke out when he was 11 years old. Both his father’s and mother’s families supported parliament against the king, but Dryden’s own sympathies are not known in his youth.

About 1644 Dreddon was admitted to Westminster School, where he received his primary education under the famous Richard Busby. His easy and lifelong acquaintance with classical literature began in Westminster, leading to the idiom of English translation.

In 1650 he entered Trinity College, Cambridge, where he received his BA. Degree in 1654. What Dryden did between leaving the university in 1654 and the restoration of Charles II in 1660 is not known for sure. His contribution to the commemorative volume of Oliver Cromwell in 1659 marked him as a worthy poet.

His “brave stanzas” were wise, understandable, poor, and sprinkled with the classical and scientific gestures that characterize his later verse. Such public poetry has always been one of the things Durden did best.

When Charles II was restored to the throne in May 1660, Dryden joined the poets of the day to welcome him, publishing more than 300 lines of poetry in a pair of poems in June Austrian Redux. For the coronation in 1661, he wrote his sacred greatness. Both of these poems were composed for the greatness and strengthening of the kingdom and were designed to invest the young king in the spirit of greatness, stability and even divinity. Thereafter, Dryden’s ambitions and his fortunes as a writer took the form of his relationship with the kingdom. On December 1, 1663, he married Elizabeth Howard, the youngest daughter of Thomas Howard, the first Earl of Berkshire. In particular, she gave birth to three sons.

Dryden’s longest poem to date, Enos Merabiles (1667), was a celebration of two victories by the English fleet in 1666 to escape the great Dutch and London fires. In this work, Durden was once again refining and strengthening the royal image. The idea of a faithful nation united under the best kings.

It is hardly surprising that when Sir William Devent, the award-winning poet, died in 1668, Dryden was appointed Poet-winner in his place, and two years later was appointed royal historian.

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